Archaeology is the study of the primitive era of humankind. It is the study of the human cultures through various methods that include field study i.e. surveillance and excavation and laboratory analysis of the materials recovered from the past. The materials may include documents, landscapes, fossils, bifocals, and artifacts. The goal of these studies just as Minneapolis movers goals, differ depending on the focus of the study. Sometimes, the study is done to determine the age of a particular artifact, site or a part of a site. At other times, it aims at studying the history of human culture, its evolution and the ecology of the prehistoric societies. Archaeologist use different methods and techniques to study the history of the earth. Here, we shall discuss the common methods and techniques.

Methods of Archaeology

Survey – This is the most common way to begin an archaeological project. An archaeologist will systematically locate a region where he would carry out the survey. The survey method was not used before, Earlier; researchers would excavate the plainly visible features at monumental sites. However, modern day researchers use different survey methods like surface survey, aerial survey, geophysical survey and regional survey. Under surface survey, the land is first surveyed based on the settlement patterns and structures of the ancient civilization. The researchers try to gather information about primitive cultures and use mini-excavation methods. Some of the mini-excavation techniques include augers, corers and shovel test pits. Aerial survey is conducted by using cameras attached to airplanes and balloons. Techniques like infrared wavelengths, radar technology and thermographs are also used for aerial survey. There are several textbooks on archaeology that help in understanding the survey methods, in detail.

Excavation – Excavation often leads to ethical issues since it may lead to destruction of the site. In order to reduce the damage, researchers use sampling methods before excavating a site. However, this is the only method of physically acquiring primitive remains.

Analysis – Laboratory analysis is the next step after the artifacts or remains have been collected through survey or excavation. It is the most time consuming and it may take years before a report on the archaeological evidence is published by researchers. However, an analysis of the remains gives a great insight into the past.

Virtual Archaeology – This method was invented in 1995 wherein computer graphics and 3D models began to get used for further study. Normal photographs may be used to build 3D models and create a virtual world of the past. Computer stimulation was used to recreate the environment for a better understanding.

Apart from these methods of studying evidence, it is important to identify the dates. Researchers may use different techniques to determine the age of the archaeological evidence. The following two techniques are commonly used.

Relative Dating – This technique will not provide an exact date; it will only give an idea about whether the evidence is older than the other evidence or younger.

Absolute Dating – This technique provides the exact dates of the evidence well into the 20th century. There are several handbooks on this subject. If you are an enthusiast and love history, reading a book on archaeology will make a lot of difference.

In a nutshell, Archaeology is the study of human cultures through various means that include field study i.e. surveillance and excavation and laboratory analysis of the materials recovered from the past.

Nature and Archaeology

People often forget just that nature has a great effect on archaeology. In this post I will briefly talk about how nature affect us everyday.

Mother Nature is the greatest mother of all. From time immemorial, we have fallen in love with her bounty and generosity. She has come to our rescue when we least expected her and has often been the source of our inspiration when our lives hang on the brink of despondence and hopelessness. For this reason, we have had this timeless connection with her and true to her nature, she has never disappointed.

However, Mother Nature is unforgiving and when we anger her, she gets so incensed that the implications of her vengeance is simply so hard to imagine. We have angered her in many ways; through deforestation, pollution of our air and rivers as well as depletion of nearly everything that held her together.

Now, she has reacted in the only way she knows how and the whole world is feeling her pangs. Simply put, she has struck us with a mortal wound – climate change and the effects can be felt all across the world, from Japan and the Philippines to Grenada and the United States.

If we do not address her anger, she will continue to torment us with floods and hurricanes until we have nowhere to hide. When she rumbles, the result is a massive earthquake that leaves thousands homeless and hopeless. It is not in her nature to do this but this is her way of reminding us that we need to do something to appease her so she may revert to her former bountiful ways.

She has spared no one and if you haven’t felt her pangs through the floods or the tremors, then she has definitely visited you through drought, famine and fatal diseases like cancer. We truly need to address her anger because while we might get away with some of her punishments such as the floods and wild fires through such means as hiring Chicago moving service, she still has a way of catching up with us through other means like throwing terminal infections to us.

What will we do then? The answer is with us and we should not fear to speak out. Let us lobby all environmental conservationists and the relevant state agencies to ensure we get back our environment because if not, it doesn’t matter where we run and hide, we simply cannot escape the consequences of environmental destruction.

Career in Archaeology

You might have an interest in a career in archaeology, but you’re not sure if it’s right for you. There is a bit of a myth that those involved in this field were simply born to be. That usually isn’t the case. While many people have dreamed of being involved in archaeology all their lives, most have not. In fact, there are many interesting stories of people who went through rather surprising career changes to enter the field. This has included members of law enforcement, providers of limo services to the rich and famous, math teachers and even construction contractors, just to name a few!
First of all, if you decide to pursue archaeology seriously, you’ll likely need to obtain an advanced college degree. If your main goal is to work “in the field”, then a Masters degree will probably be required. If you wish to teach archaeology at the college level, you will more than likely need a Ph.D. Most start off working in the field, and work toward their Ph.D while doing so.
To work in this field, you will need a love, or at least a willingness, to travel on a regular basis -as in overseas traveling. Most of us realize that most major archaeological discoveries aren’t made in the middle of Kansas! You must also be prepared to be away from home for weeks or months at a time, which requires a great deal of support from a significant other or family.
You must also be realistic about what this career entails. Back in the 1980’s, when the timeless “Top Gun” movie came out, Naval recruiting centers across America had record numbers of potential enlistees interested in Naval aviation careers. Similarly, when the first “Indiana Jones” movie hit box offices, there was a huge number of young, enthusiastic folks lining up at the admissions offices of universities offering degrees in archaeology. While there will obviously be the occasional amazing find during an archaeologist’s career, the majority of their time is spent doing research, interacting with various local cultures in whatever region of the world they’re working, and writing reports regarding their findings in the field. This isn’t quite the impression one gets while watching “Indiana Jones” for the 400th time!
Archaeologists must possess excellent math skills, which some interested in the science don’t necessarily realize. They do countless hours of measuring things like depth and distance. So if you’re strongly considering archaeology as a career, take as many advanced math courses as possible!
The best way to learn more about the field of archaeology is to seek out those working in it, and speak with them. If you’re serious, make an appointment with the head of an archaeology program at a local university, and come armed with your questions. If you’re already enrolled in a college with such a program, an internship is a fabulous way to get your foot in the door and see if archaeology is the right career path for you!

What You Need to Know About Archeology

It is acknowledged that archaeology is the gateway to the past, and it is indisputable that it incorporates historical facts as solid evidence of modern questions asked. The interpretation of artifacts, architectures, and bio facts, is something that is definitely mind boggling. Nevertheless, archaeologist’s in-depth knowledge on how to undertake the process puts them in a better place to understand; and also, share information that could have otherwise not been understood by most people. Their work is made easier due to developments in technology, of which offers precise dating capabilities. As such, you can as well call them seers’ or magical modern day plumbing contractor.

If you desire to become a licensed archaeologist, it is imperative you meet outlined qualifications. In most cases, this will include an archaeology degree at higher learning institutions. You must also undertake an internship in a recognized organization; and of course, have knowledge of the tools and equipment used in the entire process. It is a plus if you get a masters degree and write a thesis that can stand the test of time. This said, take note that archaeology is an integral part of history and anthropology and without it history is marred.

An archaeological study involves several processes or phases, and each use specific methods to determine the end results. Remote sensing is one most common technique you’ll come across as an archaeologist. In this case, you can use active instruments or go for passive instruments to locate excavation sites. The others that you will definitely learn about include, but not limited to; field survey techniques, exaction methods, and post analytical surveys.

The development of technology has enabled enhanced computation of archaeology at different levels. If you are thinking of getting better results, then definitely this will help you a great deal. As word of advice, you should have at least knowledge on at least all the sub-disciplines which include; historical archaeology, ethnoarchaeology, and archaeometry. As a matter of fact, this is something that will make you better archaeologist.

The History of Archeology

Around the year 1770, Thomas Jackson excavated an Indian burial mound in Virginia and wrote down what was contained in the mound. Jefferson was the first digger who could be called a scientist he wrote down what came down from the ground and also noted the order in which things were found. Other people read his report and understood what he found. Thus in archaeology, this type of reporting is necessary. However, more than a hundred years passed before it became an accepted thing to do.

Other individual with an interest in archaeology was Napoleon Bonaparte. He took along his army and scientists and made an expedition to Egypt.He wanted his artist and scientist investigate, record and draw the ancient Egyptian artifact which they could find. He established a studying area for artifacts in Cairo. These objects were meant for a Paris museum called Louvre museum. However because of English victory over the French in the year 1801 all the artifacts went to the London museum.

The two archaeologist (Jefferson and Napoleon) were ahead of their time in archaeology.Digging that was done in the 1800s and was organized by wealthy individuals who had their servants do it they conducted excavation as fancy picnics. The digging was much popular in England and France where there were Roman ruins that dated back during the time when Rome ruled Britain. Lovely mosaic floor and Roofing, burial grounds for romance and ruins of villas were fascinating to the picnic diggers. However, these people viewed what they had found as pretty or curious objects and for that, they gave less thought to those objects they had found and their positions and thus it would have been close to understanding lives of people who made them.

After that many people became more fascinated with life in England under the Romans. Unfortunately, the material that was discovered during the picnic expeditions was highly mixed up and thus the archaeologists could not make use of it.

An archeology must know the order in which objects have come out of the ground. Additionally, he/she should be aware which groups of objects are found together, and thus he/she can accurately reconstruct the scene of life at any time to the past. No detective would want his clues removed from the crime scene before he studies them. The same thing happens with an archaeologist in that he cannot use clues that have been removed and mixed up.

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